Rudolph Schindler, an Austrian born American architect, pioneered his own style of modern home designs on the West Coast and coined the term “Space Architecture.” His goal was to control “space, climate, light, and mood.” Schindler was a student and employee of Frank Lloyd Wright, whose revolutionary architecture was both instantly modern and distinctively American. He took Wright’s ideas about form and shape further, however, and developed a style that put the spaces we inhabit first, rather than seeing them as a byproduct of the forms that constitute a house. As his friend and historian Esther McCoy wrote, “He designs and builds in terms of space forms rather than mass forms. His houses are wrapped around space. You can quickly see in his space forms how he has created a new definition for space; a Schindler house is in movement; it is in becoming.”
Schindler also experimented with concrete, developed a new wave of inexpensive modern architecture made from stucco and plaster over wooden frames, translucent colored fiberglass, and roofing as siding. Although his ideas were radical at the time, he continues to be one of the most influential and innovative modernist architects.